德国教育机构越来越吸引外国学生和学者,2018年6月16日大学英语四级听力原文及解析

  法国《欧洲时报》7月19日报道称,德国媒体消息指出,尽管竞争激烈,德国的教育机构正吸引着越来越多的外国学生和研究人员。

  长对话1

  短文

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  A:Hey Sophia, how are you doing?

  Passage 1

  报道引述德国《商报》消息称,德国对外国学生越来越具有吸引力。与2016年相比,2017年留学德国的外国学生人数量增加了5%,达到35.9万人。德国政府在2013年设定的目标是到2020年吸引至少35万名外国学生,这一目标已经提前实现。

  B: Hi, Bob。 I’m good, thanks。 Actually, I’m on holiday with my
family in Thailand at the moment, although I wish it were with my
friends instead。

  In today’s job market, it is not a common for job seekers to send
applications for many positions。
That is lots of time and lots of
work to organize。 Certainly, you can’t want to waste your precious
hours on following the developments on the fashion, and miss the
important deadlines, confuse interview times or forget to follow up a
result。 Accordingly, managing our work search properly is just as
important as identify the job opportunities and send your applications。
If you familiar with Microsoft Excel or a similar program, creating a
table is a simple and effective way to keep track your job
applications。 If the excel isn’t used as drinking a cup of tea, don’t
worried。 You can create a table in Microsoft。 Google is another tool
to help you to organize your work effectively。 If you have a G-mail
account, you can create a safe and send tables in addition to read a
document like your cover letter and resume。 You can also link up with
Google calendar to make sure you make top with the important dates。

Clearly, there plenty of days to keep track of search and to make
efforts to simplify your job search well paid off。 Nevertheless you
should always focus on the quality not the quantity。 Only you apply the
position you are qualified for, and make each application count,
personalizing each cover letters and updating your resume。

  德国联邦教育部长安雅•卡利切克表示,这证明德国的科研环境、学术自由在国际上都极具吸引力。这位部长补充说,虽然德国的应用技术大学(FH)因其实用性而受到留学生欢迎,但绝大多数外国学生还是更中意德国的综合性大学(Uni)。

  A: Really? You never said you are going to Thailand。 How I envy
you !

  16.What does the speaker say about today’s jobseekers?

  报道称,与此同时,在德国的大学里,阶梯教室、办公室、实验室以及校外研究机构都变得越来越国际化,在德国约1/6的科学出版物都有外国研究人员的参与。

  B: I’ve only been in here a week, but you know Thailand is an
amazing place, I’m having a great time here。 In fact, I’m now lying
on the beach in Phuket。 I’ve been in the sun for around 15 minutes
only, and I’m already getting sun burnt。 Have you been here before?

  17.What kind of job do applicants can do with the help of the
Google?

  2016年,有4.6万名外国科学家在德国任职。德国高校与科学研究中心(DZHW)科学部主任汉斯(Monika
Jungbauer-Gans)表示,这一数字在10年内翻了一番,这是一个“了不起的成就”。

  A: No, I wish I had。 What else have you been doing in Thailand
besides enjoying the sun?

  18.What does the speaker suggest the jobseekers do?

  此外,德国还有约1.06万名外国科学家,他们在4个主要的非大学研究机构工作,其中绝大多数是自然科学家。另有约3.2万名临时来德国访问的科学家。

  B: Well,I met a guy from Germany yesterday。 He showed me around
the office that he works at。 Then I met many volunteer teachers who are
mainly young people from Europe。

  解析:

  然而,报道指出,与此相反的是,德国学生赴海外留学呈下降趋势。德国教育系统数据显示,以教育系统健全著称的德国期望本国1/2的学生具有海外留学经验,但实际情况距离这一目标还相差甚远。2015年,将近13.8万名德国学生在海外就读,且这个数字几年来保持不变。2009年是德国学生留学高潮,当时的留学比率达到了28%。

  A: Ahh, that’s interesting。

  第一篇篇章是考试高频主题:工作话题,考查话题词汇:job market, job
seekers, application, job opportunities,
resume等,因此,对场景词的掌握对于考生读题听题帮助较大。考察问题的答案出题点符合篇章行文顺序,尤其是第一题和最后一题出题点,在开头结尾部分,考生比较好把控。

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