2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案,2018年6月英语四级阅读真题

  Passage One

  Passage Two

  News Report 3

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  Q5: The first private mission outside earth orbit is closed to many
of our think。 U.S。 government officials outset to approve a mission by
privately held space company-Moon Express to travel outside of the earth
orbit in late 2017。 Q6: Moon express’s mission involves plans to land
a suitcase size package of scientific equipment on the moon for on-going
exploration on commercial development。 The decision involved amounts of
lobbying and coordinated conversations between a number of factual
agencies。 On the international treaties, the US is responsible for the
cargo of both public and private space craft。 This makes commercial
space travel a complex legal issue not just domestically but abroad 。 A
Moon Express representative declined to comment on the story Q7: but
noted that the company is very optimistic about its proposal。 Moon
express is not the only company seeking for the rights to travel to
outerspace 。 Elon Musk’s space X aims to send an unmanned aircraft to
Mars by 2018。

  Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting
positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested,
UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive
effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short
–term boost。 Co-author Mathew White, from the University of Exeter,
UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban
areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety。 “There
could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, people do many
things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay
rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things is that
within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline
levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable; they
don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some lottery
(彩票) winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was
definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to
the baseline。”

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one
of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The
Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in
Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class
included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not
know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in
all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they
seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  Q5: What is the news report mainly about?

  Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener
urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of
well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of
time。 To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel
Survey compiled by University of Essex。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in
1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and
White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious
ships on the water。

  Q6: What is the Moon Express planning to do?

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that
even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike
many other things that we think will make us happy。” He observed that
people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less mm sensible
decisions and communicated better。

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of
naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be
so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on
the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it
was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。
The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg
in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in
1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  Q7: What does Moon Express think of its mission?

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban
green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White
said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the
trouble is who funds it。 What we really need at a policy level is to
decide where the money will come from to help support good quality local
green spaces。”

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept
running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship
designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually
just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of
these ship sank, they were all designed with double hulls (船体)
believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to
the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end。

  [主旨内容]

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to
serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。
Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of
the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  Moon
Express(月球捷运)是一家美国公司,长期目标是在月球采矿,是民间探月计划
。它的目的和任务是使一个手提箱大小的科学设备着陆月球,并进行商业开发的持续探索。该公司对自己的计划十分乐观。

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  [参考答案句]

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  1。 The first private mission outside of the earth orbit is closed
than many of our think。

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  2。 Moon Express’s mission involves plans to land a suitcase size
package of scientific equipment on the moon for on-going exploration on
commercial development。

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  3。 But noted that the company is very optimistic about it’s
proposal。

  47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves
happier?

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  [评析]

  A) Earn more money。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the
three ships?

  本篇相对来说,是三篇新闻中考生最不熟悉的话题,因此难度大于前两篇,但是答案出题点并不难,第一题为主旨题,答案出现在开头第一句导语部分,后面两题细节题,关注重点提示,如“but”词后给正确答案。

  B) Settle in an urban area。

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

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  C) Gain fame and popularity。

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  D) Live in a green environment。

  C)Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener
urban area?

  D)The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  A) How it affects different people。 lasts。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  B) How strong its positive effect is。 physically。

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  C) How long its positive effect

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  D) How it benefits people

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a
green environment?

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

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